Decision making and critical thinking

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The foundational attitudes and skills of critical thinking. The 4-step process for using critical thinking on the job. Recognize and avoid common critical thinking mistakes. Read more Read less. Map and Directions View Map. Austin, TX, United States. Save This Event Log in or sign up for Eventbrite to save events you're interested in. Sign Up.

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Already have an account? Log in. Chronically stressed nurses frequently commit mistakes, become aggressive, take hasty decision, lose interest, are depressed and become flustered [4].

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Results of work stress affect the quality of health care therefore it is a challenge for nurse executives to handle these stressed nurses. Doing so requires sound experience and skill. Executive nurses are committed to creating care delivery climates that uphold second-order thinking and innovative solutions to issues within the system of care [5, 6]. Philosophical Underpinnings With healthcare becoming borderless and philosophical views shifting or interbreeding, there is potential for integration or assimilation of multiple perspectives.

Taken together, relativism and subjectivism manifest a constructivist philosophical standpoint. It is her philosophical belief that multiple realities exist and are dependent on the individual. Furthermore, she acknowledges that people construct their own understanding of reality. In such case, knowledge is cognitively structured from experience and interaction with others and the environment.

Correlation Between Decision-making and Critical Thinking Skills / BLOG / Home - Insight Assessment

Skills and abilities associated with critical thinking are demonstrated at different levels by individuals. The difference in demonstration can be attributed to the dependent concept of person, another philosophical viewpoint. This dependent perspective focuses on the cognitive realm being related to the physical self and the physical world. It allows nurses to develop critical thinking through similar cognitive processes as others but with a unique application that fosters individual differences. As nurses deal with crucial situations that require important decisions every day, they need to develop their critical thinking skills in a context-based setting.

These decisions are expected to impact client outcomes significantly. Relative to determining how knowledge would impact the ability to think critically and make decisions, the perceived viewpoint resonates and corresponds with the multiple ways of knowing.

How to Make Better Decisions

Critical thinking employs inductive reasoning; nevertheless, it also involves deductive reasoning as manifested in the received perspective. Therefore, the entirety of the cognitive skills involved in critical thinking is not certainly captured with the perceived view alone.

Using the Tools of Critical Thinking for Effective Decision Making

Through experience and interaction with the environment, nurses are able to make decisions, solve problems, and develop. Their critical thinking skills and inclination to use these skills influence their decision-making and problem-solving abilities. The ways in which nurse managers engage in decision making and problem solving influence the establishment of work flow and structure for patients on a delivery unit [7].

To foster the culture and climate of positive outcomes in health care, nurse administrators must continue to embrace critical thinking as a very salient component of the decision-making process. Finally, to illuminate a variety of perspectives on critical thinking and decision-making in nursing, a pluralistic approach is recommended.

As situational contexts vary and the nature of nursing varies dependent on the context, critical thinking can transcend these differences and assume a variety of different forms to best suit the situation [8].

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  4. Consequently, one perspective alone cannot possibly explain and support critical thinking in nursing. The Theory of Critical Thinking and Decision-making in Nursing Administration This theory commences with a reciprocal relationship between the institutional goal and the major concepts of the theory: critical thinking, decision-making, and nursing administration Figure 1. The goal of an institution outlines the common direction for all its operational sections or divisions.

    Alongside this aspect, nurse administrators promote patient safety and quality initiatives through a practice within the framework of professionalism. Productivity and cost concerns remain important; however, there is an equal if a not greater focus on safety, quality relationships, and healing environments.

    Fig ure 1. The figure also reveals that the development of cognitive skills and the imbuement of internal motivation to involve the self in critical thinking are influenced by organizational politics, priorities, preferences, and leadership and management styles. More evidently, decision-making depends extensively on the envisioned outcomes explicitly presented in the goal and objectives of the institution. A two-way affiliation is shown between critical thinking and nursing administration. The former element improves nursing management while the latter component provides the environmental context in critical thinking.

    In the same hierarchy, decision-making as a product of the critical thinking process impacts significantly nursing administration and vice versa. In the light of all these relationships, nurse administrators should nurture the development of their critical skills and the dispositions that lead to the use of critical thinking in decision-making. Theoretical Assumptions 1. Critical thinking is an essential element of decision-making. Critical thinking requires an inquiry.

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